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Economics and Minoan Civilization (Greek)

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Human Habitation in Crete and Cycladic Islands is from Stone Age 128,000 BCE or much before, was supposedly primitive natives. It is not clear yet whether these natives were wiped off or became extinct in Earth quake or other natural calamities, or some survived or interbred with Homo sapiens. If the history is right, Crete/Cycladic primitive inhabitants were Homo erectus, Neanderthals, were different race from Homo sapiens who too migrated to Europe some 55000 – 60000 years ago.

Possibility may be that some of the Homo sapiens scattered around islands of Melos, Paros, Kea, Thera, Therasia, Delos, Tinos, Syros, Sifnos and Amorgos, to settle down. Second possibility may be the Europeans, Asians and African tribes migrated and settled down along with the primitives. New Migrants who in exchange gifted techniques and cultures what they brought. The techniques and cultures too transit along with the human migrations. Later, in Bronze Age 3200BC - 1100BC, were known as inhabitants of Cycladic civilization. Archaeologists explored evidence of economic activities in their isolated islands past from 8000BC. In small islands with small population carried main activity of fishing and agriculture, later evolved economic activities by trading with its neighbouring major Crete Island. Minoans and other civilizations developed many of Cycladic Islands as coastal ports, which flourished economic activities and developments. Minoan’s Crete Island was big with better social systems influenced these islanders, which, not only helped establishing dominance but also managed to take control island ports.

History of Minoan begins from 7000BC when a community known as Minoan named after king Minos, settled down in Eastern Mediterranean island Crete. This was the first major civilization that began to lay first brick of foundation of “Western Civilization”. After 5000BC they began relying on Fishing and agriculture. Apart from their agricultural skills they mastered constructing palaces, gold ornament making and pottery, and writing. During 2700 BCE they opened up economic activities and located economic centres for marketing agricultural, fish products they too had achieved the art of making handmade products.

During 2700 BCE Minoans opened up economic activities and located economic centres for marketing agricultural and fish products they too had achieved the art of making handmade products. With the Improved marketing strategy Minoans aggressively developed strong exports of cypress wood, food, wine, currants, wool, cloth & Garments, herbs, natural dyes especially purple dye, pottery, Jewellery, olive oil and Papyrus to neighbouring Mycenaeans, Egypt, Canaan, Cyprus, china, Indus Valley and Anatolia. Surprisingly, Minoan painters had high value in Egypt, Persia and Levant, signifies temporary migration of painters for high rewards.  Overseas trade not only generates revenue but also improves technology and investment possibilities. The antiquity system was barter trade, revolutionized by opening up foreign trade, facilitated to adopt precious metals as trade exchange. The trade surplus and sea port facilities to importing and exporting regions improved financial soundness. The example of the service based economic system was the sea ports in Cycladic Islands, bestowed advantage mutually and both Minoans and Cycladic islanders benefitted. Lack of own resources of raw material driven them to master in ship making, extended activities of import business. They imported raw material like precious stones, copper, ivory, silver, gold and tin. Trade and economic growth enticed population of Mycenaeans, Mesopotamians, Persian, Asian and Anatolians to migrate to seek better life in the island. Each region’s economic growth attracts foreign migrants and in return they bring their skill, art and culture to promote economic evolution.

The Minoans had developed significant naval power and for many centuries lived in contact with all the major civilizations of the time without being significantly threatened by external forces. Their commercial contact with ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia definitely influenced their own culture, and the Minoan civilization in turn appeared as the ancestor of the Greek civilization. The Minoans are attributed as the first European civilization.

1.     Evident traces of seeds indicate that some 3000 BC this civilization began vine and olive cultivation. Success in surplus production of wine and olive oil facilitated exports of Mycenaeans, Egypt and other parts. The Wine and Olive oil production also evolved ancillary units to grow, such as, pottery vases, painting artists.

2.     Bull jumping and fight: Animals and birds had been associated with us when we learnt to live together as one society. Animal one we loved and the other we were scared created two dimensions of belief, one fearful Devil and the other as friend or God. We raised animals to raise our health, income and security.

3.     First in Europe for ship building and constructing sea ports in Cycladic islands. Helped surging foreign trade & service sector growth.

4.     1900 BC developed writing method which helped maintain records and books.

5.     Tax collection system was similar to other civilization such as Egypt and Persian.

6.     Archaeologist did not find traces of weapons, which could have led to mass production or usage. So suggests that they were peace loving people. As the trade was evolved with most of the foreign regions and maintained good relationship, chances of invasion or war was slight.

7.     The foreign trade and shipping routes had shrunk the distance of communication and economic systems. Persisting Influence of Persia and Egypt reflected through the Crete banking systems and trade routes.

8.     The Crete and its allied islands, were like today’s Hong Kong and Dubai, became hub for Import and Export. As it was international trade hub, many immigrants too had arrived with their technical knowhow and experiences.

9.     These islands were not only the ports but also the places where buyers and sellers met to decide demand and supply. The Cycladic port islands became the stock market that finalized the prices time to time.

Intellectuals of Crete realized the importance of Spirituality and Religion’s influence on human being. The role of Region and priests were to maintain social order and integrate society.  Human sacrifice too was the part of religious function. There were two reasons for sacrifice 1. Faith and fear on natural law. 2. Sacrifice of a man is to punish the disobedient or radical. The scare of calamities among inhabitants incited communities carrying sacrificial ritual in order to avert devastation or pleasing rain God for regular rain. There is Similarity between Mineoans, Indus Valley and Egyptian civilisations:

         Inhabitants of this civilization worshiped Mother or Snake Goddess and dreaded bull man an Asirai (in Sanskrit Asura) spiritual system, resembles Goddess Durga “Kaali” and Asura with two horns on the head in Indus valley Civilization.

         Women and men with equal status existed in Egypt and Indus Valley  but not when Aryans migrated to Indus Valley. Aryans treated women as second class but pre Aryan inhabitants (Dravidian) preserved equal status for both men and women, same existed in Minoan culture.

         The habitants were economical divided according to the jobs or responsibilities held. As a result of exploitation of slaves, migrant workers and primitive natives later turned into caste and race division. This system had existed in all the civilizations.  

         It is quite clear that both rich and poor lived in the society. Lack of equal opportunity to access the resources could have contributed to poverty. However, Mineoans society privileged with socialism that does not mean cast and race system did not exist. The Primitive natives did not have same status as the late dominant migrants. Living examples we can perceive in Asia, Australia and America where aborigines are still considered as backward class.

Habitants were well adapted to environment around Crete Island. They flourished the economy and trade dominance for a long time until 1600-1627 BC when Santorini volcanic eruption devastated the Islands and the Minoan’s occupation. The frequent volcanic eruption and earth quack wrecked the Knossos capital of Minoan yet the panic could not drive to weaken them, rather kept rebuilding the structures and moved economy. In 1375 BC major devastation by earth quack and 50 feet Tsunami wave swept the Knossos and its economy away. Tsunami waves converted soil salted and became barren agricultural land, wrecked ships and sea ports could not be rebuilt soon. There might have been the possibility of several minor earth quacks before major tsunami; served enough signals so could resort to secure regions, those who did not! Lost life and who survived the catastrophe lost properties and valuables. The civilization did not end up easily, rather, influence of Mycenaean civilization penetrated Crete and other associated islands. After the devastation of Knossos political and economical structure began to crumble that gave advantage to Mycenaeans to overthrow and bring their own influence. Prior to the devastation, Mycenaeans were living under Minoans, therefore, may be the rebellion that overthrew Knossos reign.  Some claimed Mycenaeans invaded to establish imperial rule as some swords were discovered during excavation and some claimed that there were no signs of mass chopped human bodies except the bodies in temple sacrificial rituals. There are many stories about demise of Minoans are still a vague history.

Minoan was the most prosperous civilization in Europe. They were the first ship builders and Wine and olive oil producers in Europe.

Previous pages – Economics and Management, Economics and Indus Valley Civilization, Economics and Persian Civilization, Economics and Egyptian Civilization

 it is water (in any form) that gave and took all the civilizations

Be Cautious: Above information about economics are only basics based on my assumptions, may not be correct so use only if your teachers are satisfied. For history I referred Wikipedia and other sources whose links are cited.

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Best education is to gain positive knowledge to survive and perform. When in the education, seeking highest marks becomes priority the objective is only how to get best percentage by hook or crook. Is this not the guidelines for children to become selfish!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Sadashivan’s quotes


"Life seems sometimes like nothing more than a series of losses, from beginning to end. That's the given. How you respond to those losses, what you make of what's left, that's the part you have to make up as you go."— Katharine Weber

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child labour photos, rural poverty photos, urban poverty photos, Ignoring rural development, Economics AND Management, Why women are poor and oppressed? TRADE & POVERTY relation, What is "BEHAVIOR", What is environment? Emotion is a reaction to the influence, What is culture? Africa to Indus-Valley (Dravidian,) Africa to Indus-Valley (Vedic Age), What is religion and how did it exist, What is civilization?, "ART" is reflection of identity!!! "Stress", "LOVE" is SUBMISSION to the ATTRACTION!!! THE COMMON LANGUAGES, Learning the skill to survive is "EDUCATION" !!! Evolution is a process for suitability !!!! Sex & Attraction, enjoy tribal dance click photos, Urbanization and the Future World, movies - videos, Handmade rugs/ carpets process photographs, social study books, SOCIAL STUDY TRAVEL LINKS.