Possibility may be that some of the Homo
sapiens scattered around islands of
Melos, Paros, Kea, Thera,
Therasia, Delos, Tinos, Syros, Sifnos and Amorgos, to settle down. Second
possibility may be the Europeans, Asians and African tribes migrated and settled
down along with the primitives. New Migrants who in exchange gifted techniques
and cultures what they brought. The techniques and cultures too transit along
with the human migrations. Later, in Bronze Age 3200BC - 1100BC,
were known as inhabitants of Cycladic
civilization. Archaeologists explored evidence
economic activities in their isolated islands past from 8000BC. In small
islands with small population carried main activity of fishing and agriculture,
later evolved economic activities by trading with its neighbouring major Crete
Island. Minoans and other civilizations developed many of Cycladic
Islands as coastal ports, which flourished economic activities and developments.
Minoan’s Crete Island was big with better social systems influenced these
islanders, which, not only helped establishing dominance but also managed to
take control island ports.
History of Minoan begins from 7000BC when
a community known as Minoan named after king Minos, settled down in Eastern Mediterranean
island Crete. This was the first major civilization that began to lay first
brick of foundation of “Western Civilization”. After 5000BC they began relying
on Fishing and agriculture. Apart from their agricultural skills they mastered
constructing palaces, gold ornament making and pottery, and writing. During
2700 BCE they opened up economic activities and located economic centres for marketing
agricultural, fish products they too had achieved the art of making handmade
During 2700 BCE Minoans opened up economic
activities and located economic centres for marketing agricultural and fish
products they too had achieved the art of making handmade products. With the Improved
marketing strategy Minoans aggressively
strong exports of cypress wood, food, wine, currants, wool, cloth &
Garments, herbs, natural dyes especially purple dye, pottery, Jewellery, olive
oil and Papyrus to neighbouring Mycenaeans, Egypt, Canaan, Cyprus, china, Indus
Valley and Anatolia. Surprisingly, Minoan painters had high value in Egypt,
Persia and Levant, signifies temporary migration of painters for high rewards. Overseas
trade not only generates revenue
but also improves technology and investment possibilities. The antiquity
system was barter trade, revolutionized by opening up foreign trade,
facilitated to adopt precious metals as trade exchange. The trade surplus and
sea port facilities to importing and exporting regions improved financial
soundness. The example of the service based economic system was the sea ports
in Cycladic Islands, bestowed advantage mutually and both Minoans and Cycladic
islanders benefitted. Lack of own resources of raw material driven them to
master in ship making, extended activities of import business. They imported
raw material like precious stones, copper, ivory, silver, gold and tin. Trade
and economic growth enticed population of Mycenaeans, Mesopotamians, Persian,
Asian and Anatolians to migrate to seek better life in the island. Each region’s
economic growth attracts foreign migrants and in return they bring their skill,
art and culture to promote economic evolution.
The Minoans had developed significant naval
power and for many centuries lived in contact with all the major civilizations
of the time without being significantly threatened by external forces. Their
commercial contact with ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia definitely influenced
their own culture, and the Minoan civilization in turn appeared as the ancestor
of the Greek civilization. The Minoans are attributed as the first European
traces of seeds indicate that some 3000 BC this civilization began vine and
olive cultivation. Success in surplus production of wine and olive oil
facilitated exports of Mycenaeans, Egypt and other parts. The Wine and Olive
oil production also evolved ancillary units to grow, such as, pottery vases,
jumping and fight: Animals and birds had been associated with us when we learnt
to live together as one society. Animal one we loved and the other we were
scared created two dimensions of belief, one fearful Devil and the other as
friend or God. We raised animals to raise our health, income and security.
in Europe for ship building and constructing sea ports in Cycladic islands. Helped
surging foreign trade & service sector growth.
BC developed writing method which helped maintain records and books.
collection system was similar to other civilization such as Egypt and Persian.
did not find traces of weapons, which could have led to mass production or
usage. So suggests that they were peace loving people. As the trade was
evolved with most of the foreign regions and maintained good relationship,
chances of invasion or war was slight.
foreign trade and shipping routes had shrunk the distance of communication and
economic systems. Persisting Influence of Persia and Egypt reflected through
the Crete banking systems and trade routes.
The Crete and its
allied islands, were like today’s Hong
Kong and Dubai, became hub for Import and Export.
As it was international
trade hub, many immigrants too had arrived with their technical knowhow and
were not only the ports but also the places where buyers and sellers met to
decide demand and supply. The Cycladic
port islands became the stock market that finalized the prices time to time.
Intellectuals of Crete realized the
importance of Spirituality and Religion’s influence on human being. The role of
Region and priests were to maintain social order and integrate society. Human sacrifice too was the part of religious
function. There were two reasons for sacrifice 1. Faith and fear on natural law.
2. Sacrifice of a man is to punish the disobedient or radical. The scare of
calamities among inhabitants incited communities carrying sacrificial ritual in
order to avert devastation or pleasing rain God for regular rain. There is Similarity
between Mineoans, Indus Valley and Egyptian civilisations:
of this civilization worshiped Mother or Snake Goddess and dreaded bull man an Asirai (in
Sanskrit Asura) spiritual system, resembles Goddess Durga “Kaali” and Asura with two horns on the
head in Indus valley Civilization.
and men with equal status existed in Egypt and Indus Valley but not when Aryans migrated to Indus Valley. Aryans
treated women as second class
but pre Aryan inhabitants (Dravidian) preserved equal status for both men and
women, same existed in Minoan culture.
habitants were economical divided according to the jobs or responsibilities
held. As a result of exploitation of slaves, migrant workers and primitive
natives later turned into caste and race division. This system had existed in
all the civilizations.
is quite clear that both rich and poor lived in the society. Lack of equal
opportunity to access the resources could have contributed to poverty. However,
Mineoans society privileged with socialism that does not mean cast and race
system did not exist. The Primitive natives did not have same status as the
late dominant migrants. Living examples we can perceive in Asia, Australia and
America where aborigines are still considered as backward class.
Habitants were well adapted to environment
around Crete Island. They flourished the economy and trade dominance for a long
time until 1600-1627 BC when Santorini volcanic eruption devastated
the Islands and the Minoan’s occupation. The frequent volcanic eruption and
earth quack wrecked the Knossos capital of Minoan yet the panic could not drive
to weaken them, rather kept rebuilding the structures and moved economy. In 1375 BC major
devastation by earth quack and 50 feet Tsunami wave swept the Knossos and
its economy away. Tsunami waves converted soil salted and became barren
agricultural land, wrecked ships and sea ports could not be rebuilt soon. There
might have been the possibility of several minor earth quacks before major tsunami;
served enough signals so could resort to secure regions, those who did not! Lost
life and who survived the catastrophe lost properties and valuables. The civilization
did not end up easily, rather, influence of Mycenaean civilization penetrated Crete
and other associated islands. After the devastation of Knossos political and
economical structure began to crumble that gave advantage to Mycenaeans to
overthrow and bring their own influence. Prior to the devastation, Mycenaeans
were living under Minoans, therefore, may be the rebellion that overthrew
Knossos reign. Some claimed Mycenaeans
invaded to establish imperial rule as some swords were discovered during
excavation and some claimed that there were no signs of mass chopped human
bodies except the bodies in temple sacrificial rituals. There are many stories
about demise of Minoans are still a vague history.
Minoan was the most prosperous civilization in Europe. They were
the first ship builders and Wine and olive oil producers in Europe.