Light on the Yoga Sutras of Patanjali

The Celestial Key to the Vedas: Discovering the Origins of the World's Oldest Civilization

Mathematics Tricks Using the Vedic System

Healing Depression the Mind-Body Way: Creating Happiness Through Meditation, Yoga, and Ayurveda

free photos 4 ur social study

Africa to Indus-Valley (Vedic Age - page 3)

Home | child labour photos | rural poverty photos | urban poverty photos | Ignoring rural development ! | Why women are poor and oppressed? | Economics AND Management | WORLD and the UNITED NATIONS | TRADE & POVERTY relation | Human rights news and article links | What is "BEHAVIOR" | What is environment? | Emotion is a reaction to the influence | What is culture? | What is religion and how did it exist | What is civilization? | "ART" is reflection of identity!!! | THE "Stress" | "LOVE" is SUBMISSION to the ATTRACTION!!! | THE COMMON LANGUAGES | Learning the skill to survive is "EDUCATION" !!! | Evolution is a process for suitability !!!! | Sex & Attraction | Africa to Indus-Valley | enjoy tribal dance click photos | Urbanization and the Future World | movies - videos | Handmade rugs/ carpets process photographs | Social study books | SOCIAL STUDY TRAVEL LINKS | privacy policy | My contact

Human’s ultimate objective to derive ecstasy through whatever source whether it is meditation, sexual acts or any act what drives gratification, exists from the day came on earth. Within moment of birth the child’s mission to reach mother’s breast for sucking milk, later child’s crave towards delicious food and in adulthood sexual lust and act, and mother feeding child, are essentials for human survival. Nature encoded these tasks as ‘sensualism’ in sub-conscious mind of all the species, which drives craving to execute for ecstasy.  Kama is also linked to emotions, for example, mother breast feeding child. She is emotionally attached to the child for feeding and nurturing. Her sensuality towards child is emotional and fulfilment of emotions is called ‘Kama’. “A book What is Emotions?: History, measures, and meaning explains – Although every emotion originates in brain activity, each is first and foremost a psychological phenomenon that is underdetermined by a brain state because each brain profile can give rise to an envelope of emotions. Specific emotion that emerges depends on the setting and always on the person’s history and biology.”  Kama is not the sexual lust alone, rather ritual to seek ultimate ecstasy when in action, is an attraction that drives to look for and act. Various inscriptions extolled guidelines and meaning of ‘Kama’. “Dr. Swami Shankaradev Saraswati in his article Kama-Enjoyment and Pleasure says Kama is Love or desire personified as Kamadeva, the god of love, son of Dharma and Shraddha (faith) and the husband Rati, the goddess of desire. Meaning-Desire and pleasure are a natural part of life and when handled well lead to health and wellbeing. In this case kama means the enjoyment that comes from fulfilling the purpose, your dharma. It is the enjoyment of the fruits of a purposeful life. Kama can also arise from the simple joy of being alive, of admiring the beauty of nature, the pleasure that comes when you see your children safe and playing happily. These are the pleasures of life that ultimately can lead to good health, and deep satisfaction and contentment.  Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia describes - Rig Veda discusses rituals aimed at the fulfilment of desires such as receiving cows, prosperity, etc. The  Atharva Veda also has rituals that aim to help a person fulfil their desire for a husband, wife, etc. These desires have both lower (para) and higher (apara) meaning. Kama in Tantra teaching, kama manifests as a shakti known as kamala. She is ultimately a manifestation of Kali, and it is this form of Kali that is commonly worshipped as she is strongly associated with beauty and prosperity in such forms as Lakshmi. Karma is presently known more as a puranic version of the deity than the older vedic and tantric teaching. Kama’s energy is reflected in numerous teaching with the quote ‘God wanted to be many’.

Body is a carrier of the ‘Mind’ and its organs are tools. Mind interacts with external environment and gathers information so as to direct organs to act. Mind is Genetic Code or encoded seed that establishes the ‘identity’ of a person. “The mind, according to advaita Vedanta - According to advaita Vedanta the mind is a subtle substance (dravya). It is neither atomic nor infinite in size, but it is said to be of madhyama pariNAma, medium size, which may be taken to mean that it pervades the body of the particular jIva to which it belongs. The mind of each jIva is different. It has a beginning, as is proved by such shruti statements as, “It (Brahman) projected the mind” (br. up. 1.2.1). (VedAnta paribhASha). The nyaya-vaisheshika system considers the mind to be an eternal substance, atomic in size. “An article Vedanta series 30 – Vedanta – Mind, intellect, ego and consciousness – Mind is explained as संकल्प-विकल्पात्माकं मनः decision and indecision. Tattvabodha says that decision and indecision are the nature of the mind, explaining its vacillation. Mind vacillates because it gathers information from the material wrold through organs of perception. Mind is the connecting factor between anthahkarana (internal sensory organs) and bahyakarana (external sensory organs) and hence, is considered as the single important factor in spirituality. Subconscious Mind is memory that retains impressions of history of experiences, instinct and intellect (intellect derived from past history and instinct) guides mind to accept or reject. Functioning system varies from person to person, depends on unconscious and conscious mind. “Vedic knowledge online explains – Chitta (Memory) derived from the root chit, “to be conscious”. Chitta is the subconscious mind. It is the mind-stuff. It is the store-house of memory. Samskaras or impressions of actions are imbedded here. It is one of the four parts of antahkarana. A view of the mind in five parts: 1st Jagrat chitta (conscious mind-wakeful consciousness) 2nd Samskara chitta (Subconscious mind-impression mind) 3rd Vasana chitta (subsubconscious mind-mind of subliminal traits) Karana chitta (superconscious mind) 4th Anukaran chitta (subsuperconscious mind).” “(Wikipedia) Mahabali king of kerala, descendent of Asura tribe was also known as Bali or Maveli. “Another version - Mahabali’s real name is Indrasena. He was descendent of ‘Diti’ Indo Iranian mother.”  According to the Yoga Vasistha, after inquiring the realm beyond the universe, heaven, devas and asura, which is ruled by the mind, Mahabali thus concentrated on the mind and being satisfied in himself,  taught his pupils  ‘the only thing worth preserving is mind. Mind absorbs the knowledge you gain from gurus (spiritual teacher), your books and your life, and refines it to great wisdom’.”

Veda inscribes by Sadhana (Meditation), reciting incantations and Tapas, conscious and subconscious mind can be improved and brought to right track. “(Mind – The Vedas explain the power of mind and the great effect it has on our thinking capacity, emotions and intuition. They also guide how to control the mind and bring out the vital-energy within us and how to use it to bring the best positive results.” Atharveda also known as Brahma Veda (video) Samhita is a collection of 5989 Mantras (incantations) of cure ways of living material life, comprises knowledge of science, astronomy,  medicine, economics, architecture, music and mathematics. It is said collection and compiling these incantations began much before Rig Veda but got late recognition. According to scholar Patanjali Atharveda consists of nine branches 1st Paippalada 2nd Tauda 3rd Munda 4th Saunakiya 5th Jalala 6th Jalada 7th Brahmaveda 8th Devadarsa 9th Charanavaidya. Reference of what scholars and Saints guide: – “Light on the Yoga Sutra Patanjali by Iyengar – In the Yoga sutra, it is the seer or the true self who is to be discovered and known. Yoga is therefore, considered to be a subjective art, science and philosophy. Yoga is various connotations as mentioned at the outset, but here it stands for Samadhi, invisible state of existence. The sutra may be taken to mean: the disciplines of integration are expounded through experience, exploration and recognition of the hidden part of man which is beyond the awareness of the senses: Yogah-integration from the outermost layer to the innermost self. Citta-Consciousness, which is made up of three factors; mind, intellect and ego, Citta is the vehicle of observation, attention, aims and reason. Vrtti-State of mind, fluctuation of mind, course of conduct and behaviour. Nirodhah-obstruction, stoppage, opposition, annihilation, restraint, control cessation. Yoga is defined as restraint of fluctuation in the consciousness. This book guides through the Yoga sutras practice.” “Chakra Meditation Bhuta Shuddhi Purifying the 5 Elements by swami Jnaneshvara Bharati – Bhuta Shuddi is an ancient chakra meditation of yoga and tantra practice through which the five elements (Bhutas) are balanced or purified (Shiddhi). Bhuta refers to the past and shuddhi refers to purifying that past, or the samskaras that operate in conjunction with the five elements. It is necessary to understand how the five elements relate to the chakras. The five bhutas are the five elements of earth, water, fire, air, and space, and they operate in conjunction with the lower chakras (they are called tanmatras, which are part of tattvas, or subtle constituents). The sixth chakra is of mind. CLICK HERE to download 2.55 minute mp3 recording of the bija mantra for the chakra.” “Vedic spiritual hypnosis for Universe ( – The Ayurvedic system has 3 steps and 3 types of treatments of humanbeings, 1st Daivavyapashrayam chikitsa, 2nd Yuktivyapashrayam chikitsa, 3rd Satvavajayaj chikitsa.”  Atharva Veda inscribes ( charms to cure diseases and possession by demons of disease (Bhaishagyakni).  

Pre-Vedic Dravidians evolved Harappa, organized town planning and well uniformly built cities. Residences and temples were made of solid burnt bricks. Each residence had lavatory and bath facility including wells in almost all the houses.  Proper sewage system was organized which passed through the houses to main hole out of the city. Cow and other herds dung was used as fertilizer in agriculture. Storage of food and water systems were systematically founded to use in case of draught. The primary economic activity was agriculture and domesticating animals. Hospitable lands flourished agricultural production enormously, excessive production advanced step ahead to trade overseas. They grew wheat, barley, peas, cotton, rice, animal feed, milk products, meat, and animal skin. Over the time added occupation evolved to pottery, art and crafts, cotton clothing, umbrellas, sandals, mustard and sesame oil, agricultural tools, minerals, peacock, ivory, gold, copper ornaments and seals, clay and wooden toys. Early Rig Veda period emphasised on democratic economic system, Rig Veda 4.57.4, 1.117.21, Ramayan 1.66.14, Rig Veda 10.104.4, 10.101.13, Adiparva 3.24 inscribes that kings and scholars should plough the land and milk cow to set examples for Aryas. During rig Vedic periods all were Aryans even farmers and their Dasas who ploughed lands. The Arya is a way of honouring or giving respect to people. Rig Veda 10.26 inscribes saints should educate pupils to expertise in transportation science, real sheep wool, clothes and clean.  “Democracy in Vedas ‘Charms pertaining to royalty’ Atharva 3.4.1, 2 and 3 (Thy) kingdom hath come to thee: endowed with lustre! Go forth as the lord of the people, rule (shine) thou, a universal ruler! All the regions of the compass shall call thee, O king; attended and revered be thou here! Thee the clans, thee the regions, goddesses five, shall choose for empire!! Root thyself upon the height, the pinnacle of royalty: then do thou, mighty, distribute goods among us! The Asvins first, Mitra and Varuna both, all the gods, and the Maruts, shall call thee! Then fix thy mind upon the bestowal of wealth, then do thou, mighty, distribute wealth among!” The communication between the king and the citizens establishes democratic way of rule.

The Ancient migrations to and fro Ancient Persia, Sumer, Ancient Canaan, Babylonia, Hittites, Assyria, Egypt, Ancient China, Mediterranean Crete islands, Asia Minor, Gulf and East-West-North-South Asia created immense cultural and race integration world over. Stephen Knapp describes in his book ‘Proof of Vedic culture’s Global existence’, the Vedic influence and proof of its ancient existence found in Britain, France, Russia, Greece, China, Japan, Egypt and areas of Scandinavia, the middle east, Africa and the Americas. The Vedic connections with Sumerians, Persians, Egyptians, Romans, Greek and Chinese, as a result of immense connections the civilization’s trade and knowledge exchange were widespread. “An article by Phillip Lindsay in referring,, describes Mayans origins in Ancient in southern India - There is definitely an important connection between the ancient Vedic people and Maya - ancestors. The Mayas are actually referred to in The Mahabharata (one of the main Hindu scriptures), as a tribe having left the Indian subcontinent. There are sources who have revealed those people to be the same as the Nagas, one of the oldest Indian tribes re- corded. Those Nagas seem to have been a people, later called Danavas, with a capital Nagapur. They are referred to in another main Hindu-scripture, the Ramayana, as be- longing to a Naga-Maya tribe, who is said to have transmitted their culture towards Baby- lonia, Egypt and Greece.”

Evident example of export-import, Ravan’s step brother Kuber imported Wine, Gems and minerals and exported food, tools and mine products establishes trade between Ancient India and the world began from Pre and early Rig-Vedic age. Ravana and Kuber’s father Vishravas was rich trader, inherited business from Ravan’s Grandfather Pulastyas. Vishravas handed over the business empire to son Kuber from first wife. “Valmiki Ramayana book 2 section 91 describes - Twenty thousand more women, who were radiant and adorned with gold, gems, pearls and corals came from the region of Kubera.” Valmeeki Ramayna is based on Rama, given date of birth of Rama by Dr. Vartak (page 57) 4th December 7323BC and Institute of Scientific Research on Vedas gives date 10th January 5114BC. ( page-33-34) a book ‘The scientific dating of Ramayana and the Vedas’ – Dr. P.V. Vartak - (Uttara 42, Ayodhya) scribes wine drinking during rig Vedic and Ramayana period was normal, both men and women took. Wine was made of local fruits and roots and grape wine and Sauma or Soma drink was ‘known as ‘Haoma’ in Avesta to Zoroastrians’, imported from Ancient Asia Minor or ancient Persia. “Rig Veda 8.48.3 says we have drunk Soma and become immortal; we have attained the light, the Gods discovered. Now what may foeman’s malice do to harm us? What, O immortal, man’s deception?” Soma was considered ‘Amrit’ sacred drink popularly known for stimulation and vigour, often used during ritual practice. Michael Wood travels tracing Soma plant ‘watch BBC story of India youtube’. The juice was extracted from plants found in Gandhara, Persia and Asia Minor.   

Yajur Veda 19.30, 10.53.6 emphasis on weaving and its importance, Rig Veda 6.9.2 and 3 stresses on having training centres for all so can learn to weave. “Srimad Bhagavatam 4.15.17  daśa-candram — decorated with ten moons; asim — sword; rudraḥ — Lord Śiva; śata-candram — decorated with one hundred moons; tathā — in that manner; ambikā — the goddess Durgā; somaḥ — the moon-demigod; amṛta-mayān — made of nectar; aśvān — horses; tvaṣṭā — the demigod Viśvakarmā; rūpa-āśrayam — very beautiful; ratham — a chariot”. Iron weapons and shields made by blacksmiths. “Shrimad Bhagvatam 4.15.16 brahmā — Lord Brahmā; brahma-mayam — made of spiritual knowledge; varma — armor; bhāratī — the goddess of learning; hāram — necklace; uttamam — transcendental; hariḥ — the Supreme Personality of Godhead; sudarśanam cakram — Sudarśana disc; tat-patnī — His wife (Lakṣmī); avyāhatām — imperishable; śriyam — beauty and opulence.”   The ‘Panchal’; were carpenters, blacksmith and goldsmith, was called as Viswakarmas or Viswabrahmins. “( Brass workers known as ‘thatthakara’ made brass utensils and bangles. Tradition of wearing bangles, sindhur at the parting of the hair by married ladies began in 6500BC.”  In Rig Veda Iron was named ‘Shyama’ Copper as ‘Ayas’ and Gold as ‘Hiranya’. Iron and foundries existed several centuries before Hittites claimed. “Ancient mining site of Zawar, Rajasthan—its alchemy because copper could be made to shine like gold as aara-ku_t.a adding zinc to create the brass alloy. The swastika hieroglyph represents zinc, a zinc furnance and detailed process is shown in the link (   Mycenaeans claim first to have iron weapons in Mediterranean to disintegrate Troy and Ancient Persia were exported from Indus or may be through Macedonia, which had impressive imports of goods and exported to third party. Indus had mastery in engrave works, Buffalo horns as Sarasvati Hieroglyph, pictures in the link show intricate work of engraving by buffalo was made by brass worker in man.d.a_ = warehouse, workshop. Scholars like B.R. Sharma hold that the Rig Vedic people may have been ship builders engaging in maritime trade. In Rig Veda 1.25.7, 7.88.3 and other instances, Samundra is mentioned together with the ships. Some words that are used for ships are Nau, Peru, Dhi and Druma. The – “Rig Veda IV.58, 1.11 and VII.88.3 frequently mentions the waviness of the ocean and the back and forth movement waves experienced while in a ship on the sea.”

Next  – Vedic age – women

Be Cautious: Above informations are only basics based on my assumptions, may not be correct so use only if your teachers are satisfied. For history I referred Wikipedia and other sources whose links are cited.

Click links to View Rare Old Photos: Gandhi with his wife Kasturba Gandhi… 15th August 1947, First News Paper of INDEPENDENT INDIA… ... The front page of the April 16, 1912 evening edition of the Boston Globe, detailing the Titanic Disaster is shown… ... C. V. Raman - The Great Indian Physicist Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman, FRS (7 November 1888 – 21 November 1970) was an Indian physicist. He was the recipient of the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1930 for the discovery that when light traverses a transparent material, some of the light that is deflected changes in wavelength. This phenomenon is now called Raman scattering and is the result of the Raman effect… ... In India First railway was built between Mumbai and thane... Star Cinema ( now at Pakistan ) 1943… ... The last train , Dhaka to Calcutta!!! Taken in 1947… ... the crown of India… ... Shooting-the-mgm-lion-logo-in-1924… ... Stalin, Lenin and Trotsky… ... An Awesome painting of Leonardo da vinci…... The original picture of Jhansi Rani Laxmi Bai. This picture has been taken by German photographer Hoffman 160 years ago… ... British India and Afghanistan border - 1934… ... A rare one of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose and his wife Eimilie Shenkl… ...

Best education is to gain positive knowledge to survive and perform. When in the education, seeking highest marks becomes priority the objective is only how to get best percentage by hook or crook. Is this not the guidelines for children to become selfish!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Sadashivan’s quotes

"Life seems sometimes like nothing more than a series of losses, from beginning to end. That's the given. How you respond to those losses, what you make of what's left, that's the part you have to make up as you go."— Katharine Weber

child labour photos, rural poverty photos, urban poverty photos, Ignoring rural development, Economics AND Management, Why women are poor and oppressed? TRADE & POVERTY relation, What is "BEHAVIOR", What is environment? Emotion is a reaction to the influence, What is culture? Africa to Indus-Valley (Dravidian,) Africa to Indus-Valley (Vedic Age), What is religion and how did it exist, What is civilization?, "ART" is reflection of identity!!! "Stress", "LOVE" is SUBMISSION to the ATTRACTION!!! THE COMMON LANGUAGES, Learning the skill to survive is "EDUCATION" !!! Evolution is a process for suitability !!!! Sex & Attraction, enjoy tribal dance click photos, Urbanization and the Future World, movies - videos, Handmade rugs/ carpets process photographs, social study books, SOCIAL STUDY TRAVEL LINKS.