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Urbanization and Unemployment

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Urbanization and the Future World
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Unemployment or partial employment is serious concern and curse to present world order. According to my view, nearly 40% of world working age rural and urban population are without jobs or partially employed and nearly 30% of working age population is unemployed. Overcoming unemployment crisis is not as easy as economists and Governments think! 65% of world population is between 15-64 age, and to my opinion nearly 55% are in the age to work. By 2029 when population touches 8 billion or more it will really be a tough job for Governments to accommodate this age group. Natural resources are vanishing fast due to excessive urbanization, in addition, excessive automation too becoming culprit to prune job opportunities. Neglecting rural sectors, urban based research & planning and education system generated urban employment opportunities, causing more than half of world population to live in urban cities. By 2029 over 60% of world population will live in urban cities. This mess would once be the curse and unmanageable. Urban employment is already in disaster caused by tough competition due to excessive supply to limited buying power would lead to massive unemployment.

Urban employment creation would become priority to the world economy. 24/7 shifts would have to run with half the salary of today. Simply concentrating urban sectors would be disaster not only to job opportunities but for living environment too. Urban areas have been growing much faster than the general population because of massive migration from rural areas. To generate employment more and more mega structures and houses, industrial units, transportations would be planned. In the absence or shrunk greenery or forests, urban growth would heat up earth and minimize moisture to reduce required environment for life forms. Health sectors would grow and become more profitable, on the other hand, Governments would bear heavy health care burden as major urban population would implicate to new urbanize viral and diseases. Neglecting rural sectors is thoughtlessness. We still have lot of unexplored resources in rural and forest areas. Job opportunities through forests and rural sectors would not only create opportunities but also entice developing greenery and forests. Research and study to optimize job opportunities through rural sectors should be the preference, so can trounce food, water & environment crisis.
Number of increased modern educated population world over would rise by 2029  to 80% in urban cities, and nearly 60% rural villages. Lack of resources would persuade rural literates to migrate to urban cities adding more urban population. Lacking resources for employment opportunities would create chaos. Change of education system to suit both rural and urban resources need to be priority. Industrial revolution should not signify as automation only, rather should also represent identification of resources. There is scope for rural population but not yet identified due to unproductive pattern of education system. Research based education system makes possible to understand and identify nature and its resources.

Globalization is one of the factors to accelerate unorganized sectors in urban cities. To my opinion, nearly 45% of city dwellers in Africa and South Asian cities are poor, working in unorganized sectors. And nearly 30% of illiterate and semi-literates in cities are engaged in informal industries reprocessing hazardous materials and components.  Especially China, India, Pakistan and other South East Asian countries are the importing countries of junk hazardous materials for recycling.  220 million tons of old computers and other technological hardware are trashed in the United States each year. An estimated 50-80% of e-waste collected in the United States for recycling is exported to areas such as China, India or Pakistan. Major Lead waste and battery scrap Exporting Countries are Australia, US and Europe. By 2029 years Consumption of electronic and hazardous components would rise 20-30 times to speed up number of hazardous unorganized sectors in developing countries. More than half the working population in these areas would be affected by tuberculosis, Asthma and lung cancer. To my opinion, nearly 15-20% of urban city inhabitants are involved in garbage and hazardous waste collection live in callous slums exposed directly to unsafe environment. The situation will further deteriorate when world population grows to 8 billion in 2029. India, China and other south Asian countries would lead in urban population group. The Urban poverty would reach 40-50% with major slum areas with inhuman living condition.

Urban industries would begin to shatter when population reaches to its height. Especially industries related global warming, environmental adversity, would suffer by retreating demand and heavy government regulations. Most of products and equipments run by energy too have gloomy future. Shortage of energy-electricity would create disastrous situation. (Official Energy Statistics from US Government - World marketed energy consumption is projected to increase by 44 percent from 2006 to 2030. Total energy demand in the non-OECD countries increases by 73 percent, compared with an increase of 15 percent in the OECD countries. World electricity generation increases by 77 percent from 2006 to 2030 in the IEO2009 reference case. The non-OECD countries are projected to account for 58 percent of world electricity use in 2030. In the IEO2009 reference case, natural gas consumption in the non-OECD countries grows more than twice as fast as in the OECD countries. Production increases in the non-OECD region account for more than 80 percent of the growth in world production from 2006 to 2030). Auto industries would be hard hit due to over populated cities. Governments would have to rework its policies towards energy related emissions, transportation and roads. Heavy taxation on auto vehicle owners would burden citizens to restrict to limitations of car purchase. (Official Energy Statistics from US Government - In 2006, non-OECD energy-related emissions of carbon dioxide exceeded OECD emissions by 14 percent. In 2030, energy-related carbon dioxide emissions from the non-OECD countries are projected to exceed those from the OECD countries by 77 percent). These factors would hit hard on employment opportunities in urban cities.

Globalization and Urbanization
Globalization and Urbanization

Rural Migration and Urbanization
Rural Migration and Urbanization


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