"women" and RIGHTS
DEVDASIS the WOMAN
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Devdasis system existed in most of the temples. DEV (GOD) Dasi (slave) means marrying god and Goddesses and devoted themselves to them and its rituals for the whole life. Devdasis existed right from the age of ancient Veda time to help in temple rituals apart from that they were to sing and dance for gods praising. For this ritual practice family donated their younger girl child to the temple. Status of devdasi was high in the society and known as divine girl. As the time passed, system changed and they were used for sex obligation for high caste and class people. Major percentage of low caste and tribal girls are forced to this practice under the cover of religion and some adopt for the reason that family had a history of Devdasis.

According to National commission on women:

  • Estimated figure around 2,50,000 girls dedicated as Devdasis to Yellamma and Khondaba temples in south India Maharashtra - karnataka border.
  • 50% of Devdasis go to prostitution business and 40% join flesh trade in cities. But some critics say the 80% become prostitutes.
  • Overwhelming majority of Devdasis  (95%) were earning less than US$ 23/- (Rs. 1000) per month.
  • Under women and child welfare department scheme, Devdasis are entitled to a pension of Rs.300/- (US$ 7/-) per month that too she was entitled after 40 years of age. About 100 Devdasis have availed of this scheme.

Above figures are enough to their plight explanation. This widespread prejudiced condition is of these citizens of worlds biggest democratic country for 55 years and a little has been done to their plight. In ancient Devdasi system families preferred their girl child contribution to the temple as it maintained social status but when influential elements interference deteriorated of devdasi system began to gain status of prostitution. Well off people did not prefer and was shifted to poor families. Now it is profession of poor who send their daughters to this tradition for want of money and escape expenses on that child. As I feel major reasons for poor to go for this is lack of education, lack of job opportunities:

        Lack of effective human right education that resulted still the high class and high race people to have their influence on lower class and rule as they want. Though the Government laws are supportive to lower caste people by reservations in jobs and educations yet the practical scene is different because allocation of reservation to employment rather should be on the basis of poverty linked.

        Lack of job opportunities and other income sources. Many of the lower caste people have their traditional arts but are not able to utilize skill. Governments lack of initiative in promotion and training of handloom, cottage and art crafts have resulted to high level of unemployment among illiterates and semi-literates. 

        Lack of professional and educational institutions to teach the village girls. Data clarifies that only 37.7% women are literate as compared to 65.5% men. There are many villages where populations do not have access to the education, as schools do not exist.

        Governments are only effective in books or speech commitments and not in practice. Many laws are passed to protect but little has been in practice to solve.

        Limited number of NGOs participation to upgrade the women standard and are partly success.

Parents never like their daughters to go the schools rather prefer sending to work to earn as are burden to parents in their poverty-stricken life. This shows that lack of social awareness still prevailing in many rural areas.  Role of social organizations are ineffective as taken less constructive measures to promote woman awareness.

Women are best for internal affairs and men for external affairs. Women are best cooks in the world but when profession as a cook it is men.

Devadasi - group of women who dedicated themselves to the service of the patron god of the great temples in eastern and southern India.

Religions of most undeveloped/ underdeveloped countries see woman  as untouchable and are isolated during their menses period

Ego and domination are the major causes of domestic violence