According to National commission on women:
figure around 2,50,000 girls dedicated as Devdasis to Yellamma and Khondaba temples in south India Maharashtra - karnataka
- 50% of
Devdasis go to prostitution business and 40% join flesh trade in cities. But some critics say the 80% become prostitutes.
majority of Devdasis (95%) were earning less than US$ 23/- (Rs. 1000) per month.
women and child welfare department scheme, Devdasis are entitled to a pension of Rs.300/- (US$ 7/-) per month that too she
was entitled after 40 years of age. About 100 Devdasis have availed of this scheme.
Above figures are enough to their plight explanation.
This widespread prejudiced condition is of these citizens of worlds biggest democratic country for 55 years and a little has
been done to their plight. In ancient Devdasi system families preferred their girl child contribution to the temple as it
maintained social status but when influential elements interference deteriorated of devdasi system began to gain status of
prostitution. Well off people did not prefer and was shifted to poor families. Now it is profession of poor who send their
daughters to this tradition for want of money and escape expenses on that child. As I feel major reasons for poor to go for
this is lack of education, lack of job opportunities:
Lack of effective human right education that resulted still the high class and high race people to have their
influence on lower class and rule as they want. Though the Government laws are supportive to lower caste people by reservations
in jobs and educations yet the practical scene is different because allocation of reservation to employment rather should
be on the basis of poverty linked.
Lack of job opportunities and other income sources. Many of the lower caste people have their traditional arts
but are not able to utilize skill. Governments lack of initiative in promotion and training of handloom, cottage and art crafts
have resulted to high level of unemployment among illiterates and semi-literates.
Lack of professional and educational institutions to teach the village girls. Data clarifies that only 37.7%
women are literate as compared to 65.5% men. There are many villages where populations do not have access to the education,
as schools do not exist.
Governments are only effective in books or speech commitments and not in practice. Many laws are passed to protect
but little has been in practice to solve.
Limited number of NGOs participation to upgrade the women standard and are partly success.Parents never like their daughters to go the schools rather prefer sending to work to earn
as are burden to parents in their poverty-stricken life. This shows that lack of social awareness still prevailing in many
rural areas. Role of social organizations are ineffective as taken less constructive
measures to promote woman awareness.